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  1. Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) - Wikipedia
  2. Resolving Ukraine’s Orthodox Church Crisis
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Poroshenko thinks it will help sway his re-election in So catastrophic, in fact, that the Russian church is hardly likely to acquiesce quietly in the loss.

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There are no fewer than three main Orthodox churches in Ukraine. Why so many? It survived in the diaspora and returned to Ukraine in Just for good measure, there is a fourth church, the Greek Catholic Church — half-Orthodox and half-Catholic — banned in , but revived in , largely based in western Ukraine.

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The Moscow Patriarchate has traditionally been strongest in eastern and southern Ukraine. Fast-growing Protestant churches have several thousand, there are traditional Roman Catholic communities, and Sunni Islam is the faith of the Crimean Tatars. Many Moscow Patriarchate clergy backed the Crimean annexation and separatist war in the east.

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But a campaign for autocephaly and for all the Orthodox factions to unite under that banner also began with renewed vigour in , led by churchmen, nationalist groups, veterans. It refused to attend a Pan-Orthodox Council in Crete in that planned to discuss independence for the Ukrainian church, but this may have alienated Bartholomew.

He has since stopped dragging his feet and has linked the issue to similar issues in Macedonia. By backing autocephaly for Ukraine and Macedonia, Bartholomew has found a way to revive his own authority within the Orthodox world. Public opinion in Ukraine looks contradictory.

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  5. Only 30 percent are in favour of a new autocephalous status, with 20 percent opposed, and half the population indifferent. But Poroshenko thinks it will fire up his political base 58 percent in the west favour autocephaly, while only 10 percent in the east do. In a different poll , taken in August , But a high and rising number, Only 2.

    Interestingly, however, The Ukrainians are more religious than the Russians. Up to 76 percent claim to believe in God, and 37 percent attend church regularly. In Russia the corresponding figures are 56 percent and 7 percent. There is a persistent myth that the wartime Ukrainian Insurgent Army was founded on this day in The new church will be properly pomesna — which means localised and legitimate.

    But it will need to hold a new synod to reinvent itself, set new rules, and elect a new leader.

    The new church will be more European and more open to dialogue with other churches than the Russian Orthodox Church is, but will still be quite conservative in terms of social values. We were planning to go to Crete. Tickets were bought. We were ready. Several Churches said that they could not go. It was not Russian Church behind this decision.


    Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) - Wikipedia

    This was related with inter-orthodox problems. In that situation, we wrote to the Ecumenical Patriarch an official letter from our Synod saying that since we were talking about a pan-orthodox meeting, all the 14 Autocephalos Churches needed to be present. We wrote this letter 2 or 3 weeks before the Council, when it was clear that not all of them would be present. We did not get a proper answer. I perfectly realize that in a situation where the long time of preparation, almost sixty years waiting this meeting… but the main idea was not just to get together, but to get all the chirches together.

    Resolving Ukraine’s Orthodox Church Crisis

    So, how could we go? It was a working situation. We did have time to find a solution. In other words, de facto they broke liturgical communion, we just stated the fact,. Patriarch Bartholomew continues to commemorate Patriarch Kirill, but those are words. As when you do something very bad to someone, and then you continue to say: oh, you are still my friend….

    What do you think of the attitude of Pope Francis and the Holy See towards this intra- orthodox conflict? And there was not a single comment from the Roman Catholic Church that would interfere or make the situation worse. Ecclesial life can be transformed into a struggle of power, in order to affirm its own supremacy with political skills. Thirty years ago religion as topic was not as important as now in international relations. Now it is getting more and more towards the centre of this political and social life. Nothing of what people expected came. And it turned out that there is no some kind of ideal, of ideological essence towards international relations and political life.

    So the governments, and political forces are looking for some ideas in religion. It is a fact. We can look it differently, but this is a fact. Religion is getting more and more important. Because the reality is that the Russian Orthodox Church, in its entire one thousand years History, has never been so free from the State as it is now. I am not speaking only about the Soviet period.

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    Russian media narrates everyday contacts, meetings and good relations between President Putin and Patriarch Kirill. And this was not possible before, not only at the time of the Soviet Union. We do treasure this situation. We are satisfied with the situation we have in now.

    We respect the State. We are not in opposition with he State, because it is not something that Church would normally do. Some people say: How can you say you are not used by the State if you are not in opposition with the State? And we can answer: why would we be in opposition? We are not a political Party, The Church is not a political party, and the mission of the Church is not political opposition.

    But there was not interference from the Russian State. It was not the same in Ukraine. When they had their Uniting Council in Kiev, the 15th of december , and established the so called new Church, President Poroshenko was actually the head of this meeting.

    In Ukraine, the church fights back

    Can you imagine something similar in Moscow today? Can you imagine Putin coming to a Church meeting and presiding and moderating there? Or take any other European State: can you imagine something similar in Italy, or in Germany? Moscow Patriarchate suspended its participation in the Commission of theological Dialogue on the themes of Primacy and Sinodality. Does it mean that Russians Orthodox Christians refrain to walk together towards sacramental communion with catholics?