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Additional Meta-Analysis Techniques. Reporting Meta-Analysis Results. Implications of Results of Meta-Analysis. Meta-Analysis Software. Show More Show Less. Best Selling in Nonfiction See all. Permanent Record by Edward Snowden , Hardcover 1. Open Borders Inc. Save on Nonfiction Trending price is based on prices over last 90 days. You may also like. Suicide is a serious public health concern. Depression is the main gateway to suicidal behavior. The already established relationship between depression and suicidal risk should now focus on the investigation Content type: Correspondence.

Therapeutic staff-patient interaction is fundamental in psychiatric care. It is recognized as a key to healing in and of itself, or a premise to enhance psychiatric treatment adherence. Still, little is known Authors: Kjellaug K. Mental illnesses among children and adolescents are under-recognized and under-treated problems. Although primary caregivers of children Major mental disorders in prison populations have been recognised as a long-term problem with an important impact on public health.

Despite this, screening activities in prisons are still weak in Latin America A patient is considered to suffer from treatment resistant depression TRD when consecutive treatment with two products of different pharmacological classes, used for a sufficient length of time at an adequat Authors: Dena H. Jaffe, Benoit Rive and Tom R.

Attention bias modification training ABMT and cognitive behavioral therapy CBT likely target different aspects of aberrant threat responses in anxiety disorders and may be combined to maximize therapeutic Authors: Julia O. Lewis, Wendy K.

1. Introduction

Pine and Melissa A. Depression is a major problem among nurses; hence, it is important to develop a primary prevention strategy to manage depression among nurses. This randomized controlled trial RCT study aims to investigate t Previous studies have suggested that culture impacts the experience of psychosis. The current study set out to extend these findings by examining cultural variation in subclinical positive psychotic experience View featured videos from across the BMC-series journals.

Citation Impact 2. Search all BMC articles Search. SLC39A8 is a risk factor for schizophrenia in Uygur Chinese: a case-control study Schizophrenia is a severe mental disease with high morbidity and heritability. Mothers with and without bipolar disorder and their infants: group differences in mother-infant interaction patterns at three months postpartum Women with bipolar disorder BD have a high risk of illness relapse postpartum. Prevalence, symptomatology, risk factors and healthcare services utilization regarding paternal depression in Germany: study protocol of a controlled cross-sectional epidemiological study While postpartum depression is a well-researched disorder in mothers, there is growing evidence indicating that some fathers also develop depressive symptoms paternal postpartum depression, PPD.

A test of the goodness of fit of the generic metacognitive model of psychopathology symptoms Common mental disorders such as depression and anxiety frequently co-occur and may share etiological mechanisms. Intergenerational patterns of mental health problems: the role of childhood peer status position Past research has established the intergenerational patterning of mental health: children whose parents have mental health problems are more likely to present with similar problems themselves.

A randomized controlled trial to examine the impacts of disclosing personalized depression risk information on the outcomes of individuals who are at high risk of developing major depression: a research protocol Major depressive disorder is one of the most prevalent and disabling forms of mental illness in the general population. Mediators of gender effects on depression among cardiovascular disease patients in Palestine Among patients suffering from coronary heart disease CHD and comorbid depression, women experience a higher burden compared to men.

Alcohol consumption pattern in western Nepal: findings from the COBIN baseline survey Harmful use of alcohol is a global public health problem. Prepulse inhibition in patients with bipolar disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis Prepulse inhibition PPI is a measurement method for the sensory gating process, which helps the brain adapt to complex environments. Association between prodynorphin gene polymorphisms and opioid dependence susceptibility: a meta-analysis Prodynorphin PDYN gene polymorphisms have been linked with opioid dependence OD with conflicting outcomes, the aim of this study is to synthesize the existing evidence of the association between PDYN polymorp Clinical and cost-effectiveness of guided internet-based interventions in the indicated prevention of depression in green professions PROD-A : study protocol of a month follow-up pragmatic randomized controlled trial People in green professions are exposed to a variety of risk factors, which could possibly enhance the development of depression.

Effectiveness of the dog therapy for patients with dementia - a systematic review Dementia represents a mental and economic burden for both patients and their caregivers. Psychosocial, psychiatric and work-related risk factors associated with suicide in Ireland: optimised methodological approach of a case-control psychological autopsy study Suicide has profound effects on families and communities, but is a statistically rare event.

A minimum evaluation protocol and stepped-wedge cluster randomized trial of ACCESS Open Minds, a large Canadian youth mental health services transformation project Many Canadian adolescents and young adults with mental health problems face delayed detection, long waiting lists, poorly accessible services, care of inconsistent quality and abrupt or absent inter-service tr Dynamic Interactive Social Cognition Training in Virtual Reality DiSCoVR for social cognition and social functioning in people with a psychotic disorder: study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial Problems in social functioning e.

Prevalence of geriatric depression in the Kavre district, Nepal: Findings from a cross sectional community survey The increasing elderly population worldwide is likely to increase mental health problems such as geriatric depression, which has mostly been studied in high-income countries. Clinical effects and treatment outcomes of long-term compulsory in-patient treatment of treatment-resistant patients with severe mental illness and substance-use disorder The treatment of homeless dual-diagnosis patients i.

Subjective quality of life among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder and patients with major depressive disorder The goal of clinicians and healthcare workers providing treatment to patients with psychiatric disorders, has shifted over time from focusing on the symptoms alone towards functional improvement. Suicidal ideation among the hypertensive individuals in Shandong, China: a path analysis Although massive studies have explored the risk factors of suicidal ideation SI , the prevalence of SI and its associated factors in the hypertensive individuals are largely unknown.

Guidelines for the pharmacological acute treatment of major depression: conflicts with current evidence as demonstrated with the German S3-guidelines Several international guidelines for the acute treatment of moderate to severe unipolar depression recommend a first-line treatment with antidepressants AD.

Affective dysregulation in childhood - optimizing prevention and treatment: protocol of three randomized controlled trials in the ADOPT study The terms affective dysregulation AD and irritability describe transdiagnostic dimensions and are characterized by an excessive reactivity to negative emotional stimuli with an affective anger and a behavi Effectiveness of the Japanese standard family psychoeducation on the mental health of caregivers of young adults with schizophrenia: a randomised controlled trial This study examined the effects of the standard model of family psychoeducation SM-FPE in Japan on the mental health of relatives who care for young patients with a psychotic disorder.

Clinical guidelines for the management of treatment-resistant depression: French recommendations from experts, the French Association for Biological Psychiatry and Neuropsychopharmacology and the fondation FondaMental Clear guidance for successive antidepressant pharmacological treatments for non-responders in major depression is not well established. Post-disaster mental health and psychosocial support in the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake: a qualitative study Few studies exploring the actual practices implemented for long-term mental health and psychosocial support after a natural disaster have been published.

The mediating effect of health anxiety in the relationship between functional somatic symptoms and illness behavior in Chinese inpatients with depression Functional somatic symptoms in depression disorder may cause inappropriate illness behavior hindering the treatment process. Biomarker screening for antenatal depression in women who underwent caesarean section: a matched observational study with plasma Lipidomics Antenatal depression is a prevalent mental disorder in women who have undergone caesarean section, and it often presages adverse postoperative outcomes. Suicidal plan, attempt, and associated factors among patients with diabetes in Felegehiwot referral hospital, Bahirdar, Ethiopia: cross-sectional study Diabetes is a highly prevalent non-communicable disease which is prone to more psychiatric complications like suicide; however, research into this area is limited.

Characterizing the heterogeneity of clinician practice use in community mental health using latent profile analysis The behavioral health service provider population is highly heterogeneous. An Asian study on clinical and psychological factors associated with personal recovery in people with psychosis Despite the rising recognition of personal recovery, there is a lack of research on personal recovery in individuals with psychosis in Singapore. The effect of a brief mindfulness-based intervention on personal recovery in people with bipolar disorder: a randomized controlled trial study protocol With the advent of the recovery movement in mental health, a humanistic paradigm shift has occurred, placing the focus on personal recovery i.

Suicidal risk and executive functions in major depressive disorder: a study protocol Suicide is a serious public health concern. The quality and quantity of staff-patient interactions as recorded by staff. A registry study of nursing documentation in two inpatient mental health wards Therapeutic staff-patient interaction is fundamental in psychiatric care. Depression and associated factors among primary caregivers of children and adolescents with mental illness in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Mental illnesses among children and adolescents are under-recognized and under-treated problems.

Depression and psychosis related to the absence of visitors and consumption of drugs in male prisoners in Ecuador: a cross sectional study Major mental disorders in prison populations have been recognised as a long-term problem with an important impact on public health. The humanistic and economic burden of treatment-resistant depression in Europe: a cross-sectional study A patient is considered to suffer from treatment resistant depression TRD when consecutive treatment with two products of different pharmacological classes, used for a sufficient length of time at an adequat Efficacy and mechanisms underlying a gamified attention bias modification training in anxious youth: protocol for a randomized controlled trial Attention bias modification training ABMT and cognitive behavioral therapy CBT likely target different aspects of aberrant threat responses in anxiety disorders and may be combined to maximize therapeutic Effects of an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy iCBT intervention on improving depressive symptoms and work-related outcomes among nurses in Japan: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial Depression is a major problem among nurses; hence, it is important to develop a primary prevention strategy to manage depression among nurses.

Cultural differences in positive psychotic experiences assessed with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences CAPE : a comparison of student populations in the Netherlands, Nigeria and Norway Previous studies have suggested that culture impacts the experience of psychosis.

Featured videos View featured videos from across the BMC-series journals. Studies were inconsistent in the assessment of substance use disorders in adolescents and in reporting rates of comorbidity. Results indicate that mental disorders are frequent across 27 countries in all continents, and that variability in estimates is largely explained by study methods, assessment procedures, and case definition. These results are essential to service, training, and research planning around the world.

The review was invited by the JCPP Editors for which the authors have received a small honorarium toward expenses , but has been the subject of full external peer review.

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Sample representativeness, sample frame, diagnostic interview, and definition of functional impairment are associated with significant variability across estimates. Variability in prevalence estimates is not explained by geographic location of studies and year of data collection. Future surveys should be conducted in areas with very restricted or no data on prevalence rates and should follow methodological strategies that guarantee comparability across studies.

Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. Any queries other than missing content should be directed to the corresponding author for the article. Volume 56 , Issue 3. Special Issue: Annual Research Review: Capturing the dynamics of development and psychopathology: from neural circuits to global trends.

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Research Review: 8 - Meta-analysis

Annual Research Review Free Access. Giovanni A. Luisa S. Luis A. Conflict of interest statement: Potential conflicts disclosed see Acknowledgements. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access. Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Abstract Background The literature on the prevalence of mental disorders affecting children and adolescents has expanded significantly over the last three decades around the world.

Results We included 41 studies conducted in 27 countries from every world region. Conclusions Our findings suggest that mental disorders affect a significant number of children and adolescents worldwide. Methodological approaches Methods in epidemiology evolved considerably in the second half on the 20th century and reached the field of child and adolescent psychiatry following the s.

Sampling strategy Sampling is the process of selecting the specific study subjects. Diagnostic assessment Diagnostic assessment is the procedure employed by the investigators to determine the presence or absence of mental disorders following specific diagnostic criteria. Informants Community surveys commonly use parents as informants, adolescents, and less frequently teachers. Methods Literature search We conducted a systematic review of the literature through electronic search in three separate databases and a review of the references of all articles examined for inclusion as well as relevant review articles and textbooks.

Study inclusion criteria Two authors L. Data extraction Data were independently extracted by two authors L. Levels for each variable are presented in priority order for selection when multiple estimates were derived by the same study: Population characteristics Study location, coded in seven levels: a North America; b Europe; c Asia; d Africa; e South America and the Caribbean; f Middle East; g Oceania. RB2 Heiervang Norway — All children in the city of Bergen, Norway, attending primary school grades 2—4 in the fall of Schools 7—9 C Or rule T Or rule C Computer algorithm Rutter B2 teacher.

T Or rule C. C peers. P C anxiety. P ADHD. C or P eating. T C Or rule C. P, parent; C, child; T, teacher. Figure 1 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. Figure 2 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. Sources of variability on prevalence estimates The metaregression analysis was performed to investigate the sources of heterogeneity of any mental disorder's pooled prevalence estimate.

Prevalence; Diff, difference; VAF, variance accounted for. Note: For this analysis, we used the crude prevalence rates instead of prevalence transformed logits. Discussion We have identified community studies assessing the prevalence of mental disorders in children and adolescents from 27 countries and every world region. Achenbach, T. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry , 49 , — Crossref PubMed Google Scholar. Wiley Online Library Google Scholar. Google Scholar. PubMed Google Scholar.

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